Bibliography, Filmography & Resources

This page features:


Historical and Present Day Contributions: Psychoanalysis and War

Understanding the Background Regarding Veterans' Mental Health Issues

  • Camp, N.M., M.D. (1993). The Vietnam war and the ethics of combat psychiatry. American Journal of Psychiatry, 150, 1000‑1010. [with some minor modifications, also published as: Camp, N.M. (1994). Ethical challenges for the psychiatrist during the Vietnam Conflict.In: Jones FD, Sparacino LR, Wilcox VL, Rothberg JM, eds.]

  • Camp, N.M., M.D. (1994), "Military Psychiatry: Preparing in Peace for War" in Textbook of Military Medicine. Washington, DC: Office of the Surgeon General, U.S. Department of the Army and Borden Institute;chapter 8, pp. 133-150.

  • Coleman, Donald, M.D., Kaplan, Eugene H., M.D., Nadelman, Maurice, M.D., and Schlossman, Howard, M.D.(1995), "Memories of World War II by Future Analysts," Part 1, Part 2 (paper given at the New York Psychoanalytic Society).

  • Finnegan, W. (reporter at large): "The Last Tour: A casualty of post-traumatic stress disorder." The New Yorker, September 29 2008, pp. 64-71.

  • Freud, Sigmund, On War, Sex, and Neurosis.

  • Freud, Sigmund, Civilization, War and Death: Selections from Five Works.
  • Freud, Sigmund, Memorandum on the Electrical Treatment of War Neurotics. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 37:16-18, 1920/1956.
  • Gabriel, R.A. (1987) No More Heroes: Madness and Psychiatry in War. NY: Hill & Wang, a division of Farrar, Strauss and Giroux.

  • Gantz, Aaron, The War Comes Home: Washington's Battle against America's Veterans. University of California Press (January 2009).

  • Grinker, Roy R., and Spiegel, John P., Men Under Stress. The Blakiston Company, Philadelphia and Toronto (1945).

  • Grinker, Roy R., M.D. and Spiegel, John P., M.D., War Neuroses, The Blakiston Company, Philadelphia and Toronto (1945).

  • Grossman, Lt. Col. David (1993) On Killing: The Psychological Costs of Learning to Kill in War and Society. Back Bay Books/Little Brown and Company.

  • Hoffman, Leon, M.D., "What We've Learned from Sigmund Freud about Guilt, Apathy, and Violence", American Psychoanalytic Association (APsaA).

  • Kinglsley, G., "Contemporary Group Treatment of Combat-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder." Journal of The American Academy of Psychoanalysis and Dynamic Psychiatry, 35:51-69, 2007

  • Pyles, Robert L., M.D. "Achilles in Iraq" The American Psychoanalyst, Volume 42, No. 3 - Fall 2008.

  • Shay, Jonathan (1994). Achilles in Vietnam: Combat Trauma and the Undoing of Character. Simon and Schuster.

  • Shay, J., McCain, J., and Cleland, M. (2002) Odysseus in America: Combat Trauma and the Trials of Homecoming, Scribner.

  • Sherman, Nancy, Ph.D. (2005) Stoic Warriors, Oxford University Press.

  • Sonnenberg, Stephen M., M.D., Blank, Arthur S, Jr., M.D. and Talbott, John A., M.D., The Trauma of War: Stress and Recovery in Vietnam Veterans (hardcover). American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc. (June 1985).

  • Szajnberg, Nathan, M.D., Reluctant Warriors: Israelis Suspended Between Rome and Jerusalem (paperback), BookSurge Publishing, 2006.

  • Tanelian, T.& Jaycox, L. (2008) "Invisible Wounds of War: Psychological and Cognitive Injuries, Their Consequences, and Services to Assist Recovery", Rand Corporation, Monograph MG-720-CCF.

Psychoanalytic Approaches to Treating PTSD

  • Boulanger, G. (2007). Wounded by Reality: Understanding and Treating Adult Onset Trauma. Mahwah, NJ: the Analytic Press.

  • Herman, J. (1997). Trauma and Recovery: The Aftermath of Violence- from domestic abuse to political terror(paperback edition with new afterward). NY: Basic Books.

  • Horowitz, Mardi, M.D.. Stress Response Syndromes: Personality Styles and Interventions (fourth edition) Jason Aronson Publishers, Inc.,2001.

  • Horowitz, Mardi, M.D., Treatment of Stress Response Syndromes, American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc., 2005.

  • Kliman, Gilbert, Understanding Trauma and Helping Traumatized Children.

  • Kudler, H., The Need for Psychodynamic Principles in Outreach to New Combat Veterans and their Families.Journal of The American Academy of Psychoanalysis and Dynamic Psychiatry, 35:39-50, 2007.

  • Kudler, H.S., Blank, A.S., Krupnick, J.L., Herman, J.L., Horowitz, M.J. "The psychodynamic treatment of PTSD" in Effective Treatments for PTSD: Practice Guidelines from the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies, E. Foa, T.M. Keane, and M.J. Friedman, Editors. Guilford Publications, Inc., New York, 2008.
  • Laub, D.& Auerhahan (1996) : Knowing and not knowing massive psychic trauma: forms of traumatic memory.International Journal of Psychoanalysis 74: 287-302.

  • Lindy, J. (1996). "Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder." in Van der Kolk, B.A., Mc Farlane, A., Weisaeth L, eds. Traumatic Stress: the Effects of Overwhelming Experience on Mind, Body and Society. NY: Guilford Press. pp. 524-536, paperback edition.

  • Phillips, Sidney H. (1991) Trauma and War: A fragment of an analysis with a Vietnam Veteran. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child 46:147-180.

  • Rudden, Marie, M.D. (2009) "Helping Children Through a Parent's Deployment," Exceptional Parent, Vol. 39, Issue 5, May 2009.

  • Saks, P.S., "Aftermath: The Implicit Processes of Integrating Traumatic Experience in the Poetry of Siegfried Sassoon." Journal of The American Academy of Psychoanalysis and Dynamic Psychiatry, 35:591–604, 2007

  • Schottenbauer, M. A., Glass, C. R., Arnkoff, D. B., & Gray, S. H., "Contributions of Psychodynamic Approaches to Treatment of PTSD and Trauma: A review of the empirical treatment and psychopathology literature."Psychiatry: Interpersonal and Biological Processes 71:13-34, 2008

  • Shaw, J.A., "The Acute Traumatic Moment—Psychic Trauma in War: Psychoanalytic Perspectives." Journal of The American Academy of Psychoanalysis and Dynamic Psychiatry, 35:23-38, 2007

  • Stein, H.H., "Combat Veterans: Impressions of an Analytic Observer in a Non-Analytic Setting." Journal of The American Academy of Psychoanalysis and Dynamic Psychiatry, 35: 575–589, 2007



  • Combat Fatigue Irritability (1945) -  WWII naval training film written and direected by Gene Kelly, who also starred as aseaman who returns home suffering from PTSD.
  • Let There Be Light (1946) - Documentary filmed by John Huston features unscripted converstaions with returning World War II soldiers who suffer from PTSD (still referred to as shell shock). Originally sponsored by the U.S. Army, the movie was later censored. It has now been fully restored and re-released by the Army.

  • Captain Newman, M.D. (1963) - Although he's charged with clearing shell-shocked soldiers to return to active duty, Capt. Josiah J. Newman (Gregory Peck) is keenly aware that some of them simply aren't ready. But the neuropsychiatrist's caution doesn't sit well with his superiors in this World War II-era drama.

  • In the Valley of Elah (2007) - When exemplary soldier Mike Deerfield (Jonathan Tucker) goes missing after returning from Iraq, his concerned parents, Hank (Tommy Lee Jones, in an Oscar-nominated role) -- a career officer -- and Joan (Susan Sarandon), hire crack police Detective Emily Sanders (Charlize Theron) to investigate. Director Paul Haggis based the script on actual events reported in Mark Boal's Playboy magazine article.

  • Leave No Soldier (2008) - On the battlefield a solider never leaves a fallen comrade behind. Leave No Soldiertells the story of two communities of veterans who have extended this compassionate military oath from the battlefield to their post war lives. In 2006, in the third year of the Iraq war, Rolling Thunder and Veterans for Peace each took a journey, one through the nation's capital, and the other along the devastated Gulf Coast. Refusing to abandon another generation of veterans to the damage of war, they battle to redirect their grief and rage into advocacy for other veterans. This would be their most important mission, to enlist the transformative power of collective mourning to heal themselves and others suffering from trauma. Directed and produced by Donna Bassin, Ph.D.

  • Lioness (2008) - Lioness tells the story of a group of female Army support soldiers who became the first women in American history to be sent into direct ground combat. Without sufficient training but with a commitment to serve as needed, these young women ended up fighting in some of the bloodiest counterinsurgency battles of the Iraq war. Lioness makes public, for the first time, this hidden history.


Outreach Resources



  • Paving the Road Back — Blog by V.A. psychiatrist Rod Deaton, director of a substance abuse treatment program at the Richard L. Roudebush Veterans Administration Medical Center in Indianapolis.

  • Tour of Duty — Blog by Commander Russell Carr, M.D., head of outpatient behavioral health at the Walter Reed National Military Medical Center in Bethesda, Maryland.